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Barnes' Notes on the Bible
1Moreover he made an altar of brass, twenty cubits the length thereof, and twenty cubits the breadth thereof, and ten cubits the height thereof.
The supplementary character of Chronicles is here once more apparent. The author of Kings had omitted to record the dimensions of the brass altar. It stood in the great court 2 Chronicles 6:12-13.
2Also he made a molten sea of ten cubits from brim to brim, round in compass, and five cubits the height thereof; and a line of thirty cubits did compass it round about.
3And under it was the similitude of oxen, which did compass it round about: ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about. Two rows of oxen were cast, when it was cast.
For "oxen" we find in 1 Kings 7:24, "knops" or "gourds." An early copyist, not comprehending the comparatively rare word here used for "gourd," and expecting to hear of oxen, as soon as the molten sea was mentioned, changed the reading.
4It stood upon twelve oxen, three looking toward the north, and three looking toward the west, and three looking toward the south, and three looking toward the east: and the sea was set above upon them, and all their hinder parts were inward.
5And the thickness of it was an handbreadth, and the brim of it like the work of the brim of a cup, with flowers of lilies; and it received and held three thousand baths.
Three thousand baths - See 1 Kings 7:23 note. It is quite possible that either here or in Kings the text may have been accidentally corrupted.
6He made also ten lavers, and put five on the right hand, and five on the left, to wash in them: such things as they offered for the burnt offering they washed in them; but the sea was for the priests to wash in.
7And he made ten candlesticks of gold according to their form, and set them in the temple, five on the right hand, and five on the left.
According to their form - Rather, "after their manner" (compare 2 Chronicles 4:20). There is no allusion to the shape of the candlesticks, which were made, no doubt, after the pattern of the original candlestick of Moses.
8He made also ten tables, and placed them in the temple, five on the right side, and five on the left. And he made an hundred basons of gold.
The number of the tables (see 2 Chronicles 4:19) and of the basins, is additional to the information contained in Kings.
9Furthermore he made the court of the priests, and the great court, and doors for the court, and overlaid the doors of them with brass.
10And he set the sea on the right side of the east end, over against the south.
11And Huram made the pots, and the shovels, and the basons. And Huram finished the work that he was to make for king Solomon for the house of God;
12To wit, the two pillars, and the pommels, and the chapiters which were on the top of the two pillars, and the two wreaths to cover the two pommels of the chapiters which were on the top of the pillars;
13And four hundred pomegranates on the two wreaths; two rows of pomegranates on each wreath, to cover the two pommels of the chapiters which were upon the pillars.
14He made also bases, and lavers made he upon the bases;
15One sea, and twelve oxen under it.
16The pots also, and the shovels, and the fleshhooks, and all their instruments, did Huram his father make to king Solomon for the house of the LORD of bright brass.
Huram his father - Or, "Huram his master-workman" (2 Chronicles 2:13 note).
17In the plain of Jordan did the king cast them, in the clay ground between Succoth and Zeredathah.
Zeredathah - Or, Zarthan (marginal reference). The writer of Chronicles probably uses the name which the place bore in his own day.
18Thus Solomon made all these vessels in great abundance: for the weight of the brass could not be found out.
19And Solomon made all the vessels that were for the house of God, the golden altar also, and the tables whereon the shewbread was set;
The tables - A single table only is mentioned in 1 Kings 7:48; 2 Chronicles 29:18. It is supposed that Solomon made ten similar tables, any one of which might be used for the showbread; but that the bread was never placed on more than one table at a time.
20Moreover the candlesticks with their lamps, that they should burn after the manner before the oracle, of pure gold;
21And the flowers, and the lamps, and the tongs, made he of gold, and that perfect gold;
22And the snuffers, and the basons, and the spoons, and the censers, of pure gold: and the entry of the house, the inner doors thereof for the most holy place, and the doors of the house of the temple, were of gold.
The entry of the house - The text is, by some, corrected by 1 Kings 7:50, "the hinges" of the doors of the house, etc.